The Budget for 2021-22 extensively and comprehensively envisages several initiatives and areas of focus, aimed at enhancing India’s overall competitiveness and manufacturing capacities, which would enable growth, diversification, and technological enhancement of India’s exports, Commerce Secretary Anup Wadhawan said on Wednesday.
These cover both ease of doing business in the area of approvals and procedures, and the physical environment for investment, targeting a plug and play eco-system for investors, he said.
Briefing the media on the Budget 2021-22 initiatives, the commerce secretary said that one primary area of focus is the creation of a robust infrastructure, logistics, and utilities environment for the manufacturing sector.
Some of these measures include a scheme for Mega Investment Textiles Parks (MITRA), which will create world-class infrastructure with plug and play facilities to enable the creation of global champions in the sector, benefiting from economies of scale and agglomeration. Seven Textile Parks will be established over three years.
He said that further, steps like substantial investments in the development of modern fishing harbors and fish landing centers will be made in five major fishing harbors at Kochi, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Paradip, and Petuaghat, along with a multipurpose Seaweed Park in Tamil Nadu, are proposed. These measures are expected to boost exports from the textiles and marine sector.
Wadhawan said that for the promotion of exports from the agriculture sector, the “Operation Green” scheme of the Ministry of Food Processing Industry, which is presently limited to the onion, potatoes, and tomatoes, has been increased to 22 perishable items. This would promote the creation of infrastructure and value addition for horticulture products.
Also, the Budget allocation for the schemes such as Agriculture Export Policy (AEP) and Transport and Marketing Assistance (TMA) has been enhanced, which will help in the implementation of AEP in States and boost agriculture exports.
Speaking on the plantation sector, the Commerce secretary said that Rs. 1,000 crores have been provided in the Budget for the welfare of tea workers, especially women and their children. This will benefit around 10.75 lakh tea workers, including 6.23 lakh women workers engaged in the big tea estates of Assam and West Bengal. In addition, around 1.47 lakh small tea growers are also likely to be benefited.
Wadhawan said that this Budget also promotes ease of doing business through rationalization of procedures, easing of compliances, and trade facilitation measures. The measures include certain changes in the provisions relating to ADD and CVD levies, mandatory filing of bills of entry before the end of the day preceding the day of arrival of goods, he added.
He further added that streamlining of the ADD / CVD provisions, including measures aimed at enforcing anti-absorption, will potentially enable a level playing for domestic industry through addressing unfair trade practices.
The Commerce Secretary said that the Budget has proposed rationalization of customs duty structure with a thrust on both easy and competitive access to raw material and infant industry protection objectives to encourage exports, particularly of value-added products.
This includes a reduction in duties on critical raw-material such as iron and steel, copper scrap, Naptha, nylon fibre and yarn, etc. To rationalize the duty structure of gold and silver, the rates have been reduced to 7.5% from 12.5% with Agriculture Infrastructure and Development Cess of 2.5 %.